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Conference of the Parts of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 2015 (COP21/CMP11)

France will host and preside the 21st Conference of the Parts to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 2015 (COP21/CMP11), also known as «París 2015» from the 30th november to the 11 december. It should constitute an essential step, given that its outcome should be a new international agreement on climate applicable to every country, with the objective of keeping global warming under 2ºC. France will hence play an very important role in the international stage, in order to promote agreements and facilitate the search of a consensus within the United Nations and also within the European Union, which occupies an important role in the negotiations on climate.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, known as UNFCCC was adopted during the Earth Summit in Río de Janeiro in 1992. It started on march 21st 1994 and has been ratified by 196 States, that constitute the «Parts», the stakeholders to the Convention.

This Framework Convention is an universal convention on principles that recognizes the existence of climate change caused by human activity and attributes the main responsibility to industrialized countries in order to fight against this phenomenon.

The Conference of the Parts (COP), composed by all  the Member States that are Parts to the Convention, constitutes the supreme organ. It meets annually in global conferences in which decisions are adopted in order to respect the objectives of fighting against climate change. the decisions only can be taken unanimously or by consensus. The COP that will take place in París will be the 21st, hence its name of COP21.

More information here

COPs also imply meetings between CMPs which are the Members States that are Part to the Kyoto Protocol; París will be the 11th session (hence CMP11). The CMP vows to fully implement the Kyoto Protocol and takes action in order to promote its efficiency.

More information here