PFN in charge: CNONGD
In its June 2001 report on the prevention of Armed Conflict at the UN General Assembly, the Secretary General of the UN launched an appeal for close interaction between the UN and civil society organisations (A/55/985-S/2001/574).
The UN Security Council’s resolution 1625 recognises the fundamental roles of a civil society in preventing conflict and stresses their undisputed contribution in this field (S/RES/1625, 2005). Although the violent conflicts will not cease to threaten human security, the prevention of conflicts is emerging as a core strategy designed to integrate the efforts of all the stakeholders working to promote peace and development.
The civil society organisations working towards peace and development have proven their ability to add to governmental efforts in the field of conflict prevention. Take, for example, the case of the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP), which involves encouraging collaborative approaches to peacebuilding and conflict prevention in West Africa with the ECOWAS. During violent conflicts, it’s the civil society which provides essential services including emergency aid for people in need.
Finally, regional organisations such as the African Union and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) have involved civil society organisations in their efforts to promote peace and security in the region. An example of ECOWAS’s early warning system (ECOWARN) in collaboration with WANEP is the most visible example in Africa of a successful collaboration between a civil society and an intergovernmental institution for preventing conflicts.
The members of the IFP could consider committing themselves to ensuring rapid intervention in order to control crisis situations so that they never develop into conflicts. More specifically, in this mindset of preventing and resolving conflicts, we could also:
Take measures based on building trust, including regional agreements on good neighbourly relations, joint committees on cooperation and encouraging responsible and alert media;
Promote a peace culture: tackle the sources of conflict, develop an early warning system and mechanisms for rapid intervention, deal with the issue of impunity and genocide threats etc.
A few topics of negotiation:
- Conflicts in the East of the DRC
- Border disputes and economic conflicts between DRC and Angola, Chad and Sudan;
- Electoral conflicts in Gabon;
- disarmament and breaking up of old negative forces in the Congo;
- The conflict in the Central African Republic;
- Tracing conflicts in Africa and in the world;
- International exchanges on preventing and resolving conflicts etc.