PFN in charge: Coordination SUD
In an international economic order based on unequal trade and “unshared” wealth, it is urgent to integrate developing countries into the cycles of international trade negotiations in order to make sure they have a significant place in the world economy.
NGO’s lay emphasis on carrying out independent evaluations and social and environmental impact studies of the successive waves of liberalisation resulting from various international trade agreements.
Two things are essential: the working of the WTO should be made more transparent and democratic, and the duty of social and environmental responsibility of economic stakeholders should be acknowledged. A large number of NGO’s particularly stress on the need to regulate agricultural raw material markets. The lives of more than 75% of the world’s poor depend on them.
FACTS AND FIGURES
Africa’s share in world trade has moved by 6% in 1980.
Agriculture represents 70% of employment in Africa and a little more than 30% of the GDP.
854 millions of human beings continue to suffer from under nourishment the world over.
According to the FAO, 70% of the world population suffering from hunger live in rural areas.
In 2003, in the “Maputo Declaration”, Heads of State and Governments committed themselves to allocate at least 10 % of their national budgets for agriculture and rural for five years.
However, despite the needs, foreign aid for agriculture and rural development has been constantly diminishing. During the last twenty years, it has dropped sharply from 9 billion EU dollars per year in the early 80′s to less than 5 billion EU dollars in the late 90′s